How can I prevent tooth decay and gum disease ?
Good oral hygiene starts at home, though it needs to be supplemented by regular visits to a dentist. Steps to prevent gum diseases are simple to follow as stated below:
1. Thorough brushing:
Brush at least twice daily using a soft-bristle toothbrush and an ADA-accepted fluoride toothpaste. This helps prevent tooth decay, gum disease, and the need for costly cosmetic or restorative dentistry in the future. Replace your brush every two to three months.
2. Proper flossing:
Flossing is crucial to the health of your teeth and gums and the prevention of gum disease. When flossing, use an 18-inch strand of floss. Ease the floss between each tooth; then, sweep it up and down several times while curving around the tooth at the gum line. Don’t forget to floss behind your last tooth.
3. Regular dental visits:
A visit to dentist every 6 months is advisable to maintain good oral as well as general health.To know more about toothbrushes, toothpastes visit our section “ Daily Dental Care”.
How does fluoride help prevent tooth decay ?
Fluoride helps reverse and prevent tooth decay in three ways :
1. Promoting Tooth Remineralization.
2. Helping Teeth Become More Resistant to Tooth Decay,
3. Inhibiting Oral Bacteria’s Ability to Create Tooth-Attacking Acids.
What are the stages of gum disease? How is gum disease treated ?
Gum disease has several stages. The initial stage is called gingivitis and is an infection of the gingival (gum tissue). In this stage, gums become red, swollen, and prone to bleeding. The underlying bone is unaffected. In later stages, however, gum disease can lead to bone loss and the loosening or even loss of teeth commonly known as Pyorrhoea.
Gum disease treatment varies according to the stage of the disease. At its mildest stages, gingivitis can be treated by clearing plaque and tartar deposits from the gum pockets. Severe gum disease, on the other hand, might require treatment that includes bone and gum grafts.
What causes sensitive teeth?
Sensitive teeth can be caused by a range of factors. The porous part of the tooth, called dentin, is the region that registers pain, and dentin can become exposed due to:
1. Fractured or chipped teeth
2. Teeth injured by clenching or grinding
3. Receding gums caused by gum disease or improper brushing